Promoting Australian eggs internationally with the National Salmonella Enteritidis Monitoring Accreditation Program (NSEMAP)
Australia has been internationally recognised as being free from Salmonella Enteritidis.
This disease-free status is underpinned by the Australian government and the egg industry which have established the National Salmonella Enteritidis Monitoring Accreditation Program (NSEMAP), in order to protect Australia’s high product standards. NSEMAP is dedicated to promoting Australia's Salmonella Enteritidis free status that ensures when overseas customers purchase eggs from Australia they can be confident of their safety.
Under the NSEMAP, participating farmers must adhere to certain additional standards designed to ensure that the egg products they produce meet the highest standards of food safety. These include:
- A demonstration by egg farmers that adequate biosecurity precautions are in place.
- Sourcing eggs and chicks or poults from breeding flocks where evidence is available to show that SE infection is not present. Hatching eggs should be disinfected properly and hatched under strict sanitation standards.
- Have a documented biosecurity program that monitors and prevents the spread of SE from one poultry shed to another, or if not possible, from outside farms to the farm applying for certification.
- Ensuring hygienic manufacture, transport and storage of feed to prevent access and contamination by any animals, including rodents and feral animals.
- Ensuring hygienic disposal of dead birds and bird products.
- Have a pest and rodent control program that controls rodents, flies and other pests. Baiting and trapping may need to be implemented.
- Ensure that drinking water for poultry birds is potable. If using non-potable water, it should be treated to remove sediment and contaminants, then effectively sanitized to make it potable.
- Ensure that procedures are in place for cleaning and disinfection of a poultry shed and disposal of waste.
- Identify who is responsible for SE prevention and who advises on the procedure for swab collection in SE preventive strategies and monitoring.
- Ensure that farm personnel understand the principles of biosecurity and their responsibility in upholding the biosecurity guidelines in place on the property.
- Implement a HACCP type program ‘farm level’ with elements of biosecurity included.
- Ensure that egg washing helps reduce shell contaminants and ensuring that eggs are clean and free of cracks.
- Ensuring the eggs are stored and transported at or below 7oC and that cooling of eggs is undertaken as quickly as possible after collection.
Salmonella Enteritidis has the ability to colonise the chicken reproductive tract thus leading to trans-ovarian vertical transmission to both eggs and chicks. It is considered that infection of the ovary by Salmonella leads to yolk contamination and the only way to eliminate Salmonella Enteritidis is to fully cook the egg before consumption.
If you need further information on Australia Salmonella Enteritidis free eggs program, please visit the NSW DPI website:
To view the Australian Salmonella Enteritidis Response Plan, click here.
To download the National Salmonella Enteritidis Monitoring and Accreditation Program Guidelines, click here.